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新たなレンジの形成へ

新たなレンジの形成へ

一つの細胞が異なるエクソソームを分泌する分子機構の発見〜新たながん治療薬開発への応用に期待〜

image: Secretion of exosomes and their role in cell-to-cell communication. Intraluminal vesicles within the MVB (green circles) are released as exosomes to the extracellular space, and the released exosomes affect surrounding cells. view more

Credit: 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ Tohoku University

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More on this News 新たなレンジの形成へ Release

一つの細胞が異なるエクソソームを分泌する分子機構の発見〜新たながん治療薬開発への応用に期待〜

Journal EMBO Reports Funder Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists from the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan( grant number 20K15786)The Kao Foundation for Arts and SciencesGrant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(B) from the MEXT (grant numb, Culture, Sports DOI 10.15252/embr.202051475

新たなレンジの形成へ

Home Stake Visitor Center

About the Homestake Tours and Led

About the Homestake Tours and Led

Our surface tour of the Homestake Mining Operation takes you through the historic town of Lead and Homestake’s underground 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ surface operation. It follows the mining process including hoisting, crushing and milling of the underground ore and views Homestake Gold Mine’s state-of-the-art Waste Water Treatment Plant and open pit mine.

This is a guided tour that takes 新たなレンジの形成へ about 1 hour. You are taken via bus through the city of Lead then up to the Homestake surface operation. You get off the bus 2 times to go inside the different facilities of the operation that are located on the surface.

On completion of your tour you will receive a sample of ore that was drilled from the Homestake Gold Mine.

The tours run daily from May – September.
You do not need 新たなレンジの形成へ to book a tour in advance unless you have a large group of people.
If you have a large group of people, we recommend that you book your tour a few days in advance
and we offer group rates 新たなレンジの形成へ as well.

If you have any questions regarding this information –…

Direction to the Homestake Visitor Center

From Interstate 90

Take Hwy 85 (Exit 17) south off I-90 towards Deadwood. Once you reach Deadwood, Hwy 85 turns into Hwy 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ 14A. Stay on Hwy 14A through Deadwood – it will take you straight to Lead, SD. Once in Lead, you will take a left at the first stop light. Stay on this road – it will take 新たなレンジの形成へ you down Historic Main Street. The Homestake Gold Mine Surface Tour & Visitor Center is located at the end of Main Street on your left hand side.

Traveling North on 385
(from Custer & Hill City)

Travel North on Hwy 385 until you come to the Lead/ Deadwood junction of Hwy. 385 & Hwy. 85. Turn left, drive one mile and you will arrive at Lead’s Historic Main Street. The Homestake Gold Mine Surface 新たなレンジの形成へ Tour & Visitor Center is located on the right side of the street (160 West Main Street). We look forward to seeing you soon.…

About the City of Lead

The town of Lead has played a pivotal 新たなレンジの形成へ role in the history of the Black Hills. Home to the Homestake Gold Mine and sister city to the town of Deadwood, the streets of Lead tell a tale as rich as the gold mined from its hills.

As you click through this informative section, take a moment to read the captions and enjoy learning about Lead and its entire splendor.

Click here to start your tour through the history of Lead.

History of the Homestake Gold Mine

The Homestake Gold Mine was one of the early enterprises associated with the Gold Rush of 1876 in the northern Black Hills of what was then Dakota Territory. The mining community of Deadwood was the center of the gold fever, with tents,

sawmills, log houses and saloons springing up seemingly overnight. But the real action would happen three miles away “over the hill” where brothers Fred and Moses Manuel and their partner Hank Harney located their Homestake claim on April 9, 1876. Moses liked what he saw in an outcropping of a vein of ore, referred to as a lead and pronounced “leed.” Soon more prospectors materialized, and no time was lost in selecting a site for a new town. On July 10th work began on laying out the town lots, and that work was completed the next day. Miners were offered the lots, 50 x 100 feet, but were required to build on the lots in 60 days or forfeit them. That spurred many on to build on the front half and then sell the back half. Progress came quickly. Telegraph service began December 1st and by early 1877 four hotels, a grocery store, saloon, bakery and butcher shop were up and running.

In June 1877 George Hearst, who had earlier sent an agent to offer a bond 新たなレンジの形成へ to owners of the Homestake claim, bought the four and one half acre claim for $70,000. No stranger to mining, Hearst had mining interests in Missouri, California during its gold rush, Nevada, Utah, and Montana. He later 新たなレンジの形成へ represented the State of California in the United States Senate. He and his wife Phoebe had one son, William Randolph Hearst, who, rather than continue in his father’s footsteps in the mining businesses, chose to manage his father’s newspaper, the San Francisco Examiner. William became a publishing magnate and was a pioneer in the radio and television industries.

With a population of 8,392 in 1910, Lead was the second largest community in South Dakota. The employment opportunities for not only miners, but also laborers and mechanics were excellent. After George Hearst’s death in 1891, his widow Phoebe made substantial contributions to the educational and cultural life of Lead.

She was 新たなレンジの形成へ responsible for the establishment of the first kindergarten in the entire West. In addition, she arranged for the Homestake Mining Company Homestake Opera House and Recreation Building to be constructed as gifts to the community from the company. Tickets had to be purchased for events in the Opera House, but use of the swimming pool, bowling alley, meeting rooms and library was free.

Throughout the decades to come the City of Lead and the 新たなレンジの形成へ Homestake Mine were confronted with challenges ranging from an epidemic of Spanish influenza, nearby forest fires and even a fire in the mine, which was extinguished by a deliberate flooding of the mine and subsequent dewatering with 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ no ill effects to the mine or its equipment. But on the whole, the city and its residents prospered as a result of the mine. In the early 1930s, as the rest of the nation suffered economic hardship 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ throughout the Great Depression, the management of Homestake set a shorter work week with an increase in wages, and provided end of year bonuses to workers.

During World War II, gold mining operations were suspended by order of the War Production Board. The young men of the city joined the armed forces, moved to locations where copper mines were operating or worked in airplane factories. The older men who remained in what was by then an almost deserted town worked in the Homestake foundry or machine shop producing goods needed for the war effort, including parts for airplanes, wrenches and hand grenades.

The following decades saw modernization of mining techniques and procedures, including the advent of computerization to the Homestake Mine. The workers voted in 1966 to be represented by the United Steel Workers union.

In September of 2000 a Homestake Mining Company spokesman announced that the mine 新たなレンジの形成へ would close. In January of 2002, the Homestake Gold Mine finally shut down after more than 125 years of continuous operation.

Hoist operator, Laurie Skavang of Lead inscribed this message on an exhaust fan 4,550 feet 新たなレンジの形成へ underground, “Farewell to all! Thanks 4 being my friend. We will all stand tall, and I’ll treasure it ’till the end!”…

Area Attraction

The Homestake Gold Mine Surface Tour & Visitor Center in Lead, SD, is open 新たなレンジの形成へ daily during the summer months of June, July, and August and Monday-Saturday from September to May. The center offers surface tours of the Homestake Gold Mine which run daily. This center also features a short informative film regarding 新たなレンジの形成へ Homestake, historic and educational memorabilia, and a fabulous gift shop. You can also view the Historic Open Cut, the original claim of the Homestake Mining Company back in 1876.

The Black Hills Mining Museum in Lead, is 新たなレンジの形成へ open 9:00am to 5:00pm Tuesday through Saturday. This establishment allows you to take a step back in time and explore the rich and colorful history of Lead and gold mining in the Black Hills. You 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ can view many historical items such as machinery that was used to actually mine the gold in the Homestake Gold Mine and other area mines.

Lead Main Street – You will find many lovely stores that host a variety of items. We have antique stores, & eateries, museums, art galleries, and the Historic Homestake Opera House all on Main Street. Also, take time out to see many of the historic houses or buildings located 新たなレンジの形成へ all around Lead.

Deadwood, SD – A great place to take a step back in time. This town has done a fabulous job on restoring the Historic Main Street. Deadwood is just 3 miles from Lead. While 新たなレンジの形成へ in Deadwood check out the Adams Museum and House, Mt. Moriah where Wild Bill and Calamity Jane are buried.

The Days of ’76 Museum features Old West and Native American artifacts and over 60 historic horse-drawn vehicles, 新たなレンジの形成へ including the original Deadwood Stage.

The Adams Museum and House The Adams House, built in 1892, is an elegant Victorian mansion which became the Adams House Museum following a detailed restoration. The Adam House Museum tells the story 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ of two 19th century families, and reveals a cultured lifestyle not commonly associated with the American West.

The George S. Mickelson Trail is a great place for biking, skiing, horseback riding, or walking. This trail is 114 miles long and takes one through the entire Black Hills from Lead to Edgemont SD.

Spearfish Canyon – Designated a National Scenic Byway. It is located on Highway 14A and twists through the 19 mile gorge. Enjoy 新たなレンジの形成へ the cool freshness of Spearfish Creek, Bridal Veil Falls and Roughlock Falls along the canyon. This is a great place to fish, hike, bike, or picnic.

Crazy Horse Memorial & Mt. Rushmore National Monument are only a little over an hour from Lead on south Hwy 385.

Winter Months:

Lead, South Dakota on the average receives over a hundred inches of snow throughout the winter months. This allows the Black Hills to have a fantastic base for skiers and snowmobilers. There is enough snow for everyone!

Skiing:

Skiing usually opens up the day after Thanksgiving. We have 2 slopes in the area. Either slope is just minutes from Lead.
Deer Mountain 新たなレンジの形成へ Ski Resort – They offer down hill skiing and cross country. Terry Peak Ski Resort –

Snowmobiling: Snowmobiling opens up December 15th. The trails will be groomed by this date. We have over 300 miles of groomed trails and over 2,000 miles of off trail access. Many of the resorts or listings below offer lodging, restaurants and/or sled rentals.…

新たなレンジの形成へ

・独自に開発した骨格転位反応 と呼ばれる化学反応を活用することで、緑~赤色発光を示す新しい熱活性化遅延蛍光(TADF) 材料の開発に成功
・分子を構成する電子アクセプター の励起三重項状態( LE A ) と励起一重項電荷移動状態( CT) の(逆)項間交差を経る熱活性化遅延蛍光を世界で初めて観測
・ホスト材料とのエキシプレックス形成により、高効率な近赤外発光有機ELデバイスの作製に成功

大阪大学大学院工学研究科応用化学専攻の武田洋平准教授、岡崎真人氏(大学院生)、南方聖司教授と英国ダラム大学物理学科のPrzemyslaw Data(プシュミシュワフ データ)博士およびAndrew P. Monkman(アンドリュー P. モンクマン)教授らの国際共同研究チームは、緑~赤色発光を示す新規な熱活性化遅延蛍光(Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence:TADF)材料の開発に成功しました。また、開発した材料の詳細な光学的特性の調査から、励起一重項電荷移動状態( CT)とアクセプター骨格に由来する励起三重項状態( 3 LE A )との項間交差(Intersystem Crossing:ISC)によりTADFが発現していることを世界で初めて確認しました。さらに、開発したTADF材料を発光層に用いて作製した有機ELデバイスの最高外部量子効率(External Quantum Efficiency: EQE)は、従来の蛍光材料を用いた場合の限界値である5%をはるかに凌駕する16%を達成しました。

本研究成果は、平成28年4月6日(ドイツ時間)に国際的に著名な学術出版社であるWiley-VCH Verlag GmbH社のドイツ化学会誌(Angewandte Chemie International Edition)にオンライン版としてジャーナルHPに公開されました。

オレンジ色に発光するOLEDデバイスの様子

研究の背景

軽量性・柔軟性・高コントラスト比を兼ね備えた次世代のディスプレイや照明として有機ELが注目を集めています。有機EL素子において、活性層を電流励起した場合、原理的に一重項:三重項 =1:3の割合で励起子を生じます (図1) 。従来の蛍光色素材料を発光層として用いた有機ELデバイスは、発光が励起一重項からのみ起こるため、最高25%の電気エネルギーしか光エネルギーとして取り出せません。したがって、高効率な外部量子効率を示す有機ELデバイスの実現には、励起三重項の有効活用が必須であると考えられます。

図1 有機ELデバイスにおける熱活性化遅延蛍光過程

このような観点から、これまでに重原子効果 を活用したリン光材料 (最高内部量子効率 100%)や三重項ー三重項消滅(Triplet-Triplet Annihilation: TTA) 過程を活用したフォトン・アップコンバージョン法 に基づく有機ELが開発されてきました。しかし、現時点ではリン光材料は主にイリジウムや白金などの資源的に希少な金属元素を含む錯体から構成されること、またTTAを活用する方法では内部量子効率の最高理論値が100%には及ばない(62.5%)ことなどから、より画期的な解決策が望まれていました。

2012年に安達千波矢教授(九州大学先端有機光エレクトロニクス研究センター)は、励起一重項状態(S 1 )と励起三重項状態(T 1 )のエネルギー差(ΔE ST )が極めて小さい分子を設計することで、一重項からの蛍光に加えて、三重項に補足されたエネルギーを熱活性化遅延蛍光(TADF)として取り出し、従来の蛍光材料を用いた有機ELデバイスの理論限界値である5%をはるかに凌ぐEQEを達成できることを明らかにしています。

本研究内容

同チームは、武田准教授・南方教授らが2014年に開発したビナフタレンジアミン類 の骨格転位反応を活用することで初めて構築可能となった“ジベンゾフェナジン”と呼ばれる分子骨格を電子アクセプター部位に、“芳香族アミン類” を電子ドナー部位とする炭素・水素・窒素・酸素元素のみから成るドナー・アクセプター・ドナー(D-A-D)構造の分子を設計・合成しました (図2a) 。導入するドナー部位の種類によって、発光色は大きく変化し、緑~赤色のTADFを発することを明らかにしました。

また、詳細な吸収・発光スペクトル解析から、今回開発したTADF分子が励起状態において極めて強い分子内電荷移動状態にあることや、TADFが励起一重項電荷移動状態( CT)とアクセプター骨格に由来する励起三重項状態( 3 LE A )の間の(逆)項間交差により生じていること (図2b) を示唆する結果を得ました。これまで、 1 CTと 3 LE A 間での項間交差(SOCT-ISC)によるTADF発光機構は報告されておらず、同チームが今回世界で初めてこの機構に基づいたTADFを確認したことになります。

さらに、開発したTADF材料を用いて作製した有機EL素子は緑~赤色発光を示し (図2c) 、外部量子効率(EQE)はいずれの場合においても従来の蛍光発光材料を用いた有機ELデバイスの理論限界値である5%を凌駕する値を示し、最高EQEは16%を達成しました。

また、発光材料を分散させるホスト材料を変えることで、エキシプレックス形成による発光の長波長化が可能となり、特にPOZ-DBPHZ (図2a) を発光材料に用いた場合、近赤外領域(740nm)の発光を示し( 図2c 、紫色のスペクトル)、これまでに報告されている近赤外発光を示す有機ELデバイスの中では比較的高いEQE(~5%)を示すことがわかりました。

図2 新たなレンジの形成へ a)開発したTADF材料の分子構造、b)今回新たに確認されたTADF機構の模式図、c)開発したTADF材料を発光層に用いた有機EL素子の発光スペクトル

本研究成果が社会に与える影響(本研究成果の意義)

これまでに報告例のなかった、アクセプター励起三重項( 3 LE A )と励起一重項電荷移動状態( 1 CT)間での(逆)項間交差に基づいた長波長領域での高効率TADFを示す材料の開発に成功したことにより、今後新たにTADF材料を開発するうえで、ドナーまたはアクセプターユニット単独の三重項エネルギーやドナーとアクセプターの空間的な直交性を考慮した、より柔軟な分子設計が可能になると期待されます。これにより、現在世界中で開発の進められている短波長側領域(深青~黄色)で発光を示すTADF材料との併用により、屋内・外照明用の白色TADF発光デバイスの開発研究が躍進することが期待されます。

本研究成果は、平成28年4月6日(ドイツ時間)にWiley-VCH Verlag GmbH社のドイツ化学会誌(Angewandte Chemie International Edition)にオンライン版としてジャーナルHPに公開されました。

BtoBマーケティング企画・実行支援の株式会社猿人、47都道府県で分散型ディレクターネットワークを形成する「ENJIN 47 Project」始動

BtoBマーケティングの企画・実行支援を手がける株式会社猿人(東京都港区、代表取締役社長:宇野 浩二)は、多様化する業務依頼に的確かつ柔軟に対応するため、高度な知見を有するディレクター人財を、47都道府県の全ての地域から採用するプロジェクト「ENJIN 47 Project : 進化する細胞分裂」を本日から開始します。
採用者は、テレワークを活用しながら、地方在住のままで東京の仕事をディレクションするとともに、高度なスキルやコミュニケーション能力の獲得も可能となります。さらに本プロジェクトを推進することで、将来的に地方自治体とも連携しながら少子高齢化、新たなビジネスの創出などさまざまな地域課題の解決も目指します。

ENJIN 47 Project : 猿人の全国への細胞分裂
当社はこれまで、『あなたの「丸投げ」、受け止めます』をモットーに高度なカスタマイズと高い柔軟性を活かしたBtoBマーケティング支援を展開し、業容を拡大してきました。新型コロナ禍においては、働き方のテレワークシフトとともに、多くのBtoBマーケティング施策がオンライン化・ハイブリッド化しました。そのような状況の中、サービスをディレクションする供給側もオンライン型にトランスフォームし、全国47都道府県の至るところから分散的かつ有機的なサービス提供ができる体制を構築することが、本プロジェクトの狙いとなります。これにより、従来からのクライアント支援業務の提供価値の高度化に加え、移住者への雇用創出、さらにこれらの人財ネットワークを活用した新たな地域活性化活動など、地域への貢献を推進してまいります。

新たな就労環境の創出による全国からの人財獲得を目指す「ENJIN 47 Project」のスタートに際し、代表取締役社長の宇野浩二は次のように抱負を語っています。「当社も社会環境の変化に応じて体制をトランスフォームし、東京近郊の人財に限らず日本全国の人財とともにサービス提供ができる分散型の組織作りが求められています。生活拠点は地方に置きつつも東京の会社で働きたい方、将来的にプロモーションの切り口から地元を盛り上げるためにスキルを磨きたい方、IターンやUターンによる移住者で、都市部と地方に生活拠点を持ち、拠点間を自由に行き来する複数拠点ワーカーなどの優秀な人財を仲間に加え、クライアントにより高いバリューを提供できれば、サステナブルな経営が実現できると期待しています。今回のプロジェクトを通して地方の活性化そして日本経済の活性化に貢献できればうれしいです」。

「ENJIN 47 project : 進化する細胞分裂」の概要について
特設サイト:
https://recruit.新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ ape-man.jp/47project

◆対象
UIターン移住者、複数拠点ワーカー、地方在住者を対象に、イベントマーケティングやデジタルマーケティング、パブリックリレーションズ(PR)、キャンペーンプロモーションなど、様々な分野で活躍する人財を募集します。

◆募集スケジュール
本プログラムは1シーズンを4カ月サイクルとし、1シーズン毎に異なる地域ブロックから1名ずつ4名を採用予定。第1期募集から第3期募集までのスケジュールは下記の通りです。

第1期募集
募集期間:2022年6月15日~7月15日
選考期間:2022年7月18日~8月19日
入社予定:2022年9月1日

第2期募集
募集期間:2022年9月1日~11月4日
選考期間:2022年11月7日~12月9日
入社予定:2023年1月1日

第3期募集
募集期間:2023年1月9日~2月28日
選考期間:2023年3月1日~4月7日
入社予定:2023年5月1日

◆地域ブロック

1. 北海道/東北ブロック
北海道、青森県、秋田県、岩手県、山形県、宮城県、福島県

2. 関東ブロック
東京都(23区外)、神奈川県、千葉県、埼玉県、茨城県、栃木県、群馬県

3. 中部/近畿ブロック
静岡県、山梨県、長野県、新潟県、富山県、石川県、福井県、岐阜県、愛知県、滋賀県、三重県、
奈良県、京都府、大阪府、和歌山県、兵庫県

4. 中国/四国/九州/沖縄ブロック
鳥取県、岡山県、島根県、広島県、山口県、香川県、徳島県、高知県、愛媛県、
福岡県、大分県、佐賀県、長崎県、熊本県、宮崎県、鹿児島県、沖縄県

新たなレンジの形成へ

Home Stake Visitor Center

About the Homestake Tours and Led

About the Homestake Tours and Led

Our surface tour of the Homestake Mining Operation takes you through the historic town of Lead and Homestake’s underground surface operation. It follows the mining process including hoisting, crushing and milling of the underground ore and views Homestake Gold Mine’s state-of-the-art 新たなレンジの形成へ Waste Water Treatment Plant and open pit mine.

This is a guided tour that takes about 1 hour. You are taken via bus through the city of Lead then up to the Homestake surface operation. You get off the bus 2 times to go inside the different facilities of the operation that are located on the surface.

On completion of your tour you will receive a sample of ore that was drilled from the 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ Homestake Gold Mine.

The tours run daily from May – September.
You do not need to book a tour in advance unless you have a large group of people.
If you have a large group of people, we 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ recommend that you book your tour a few days in advance
and we offer group rates as well.

If you have any questions regarding this information –…

Direction to the Homestake Visitor Center

From Interstate 90

Take Hwy 85 (Exit 新たなレンジの形成へ 17) south off I-90 towards Deadwood. Once you reach Deadwood, Hwy 85 turns into Hwy 14A. Stay on Hwy 14A through Deadwood – it will take you straight to Lead, SD. Once in Lead, you will take a left at the first stop light. Stay on this road – it will take you down Historic Main Street. The Homestake Gold Mine Surface Tour & Visitor Center is located at the end of Main Street on your left hand side.

Traveling North on 385
(from Custer & Hill City)

Travel North on Hwy 385 until you come to the Lead/ Deadwood junction of Hwy. 385 & Hwy. 85. Turn left, drive one mile and you will arrive at Lead’s Historic Main Street. The Homestake Gold Mine Surface Tour & Visitor Center is located on the right side of the street (160 West Main Street). We look forward to seeing 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ you soon.…

About the City of Lead

The town of Lead has played a pivotal role in the history of the Black Hills. Home to the Homestake Gold Mine and sister city to the town of Deadwood, the streets of Lead tell a tale as rich as the gold mined from its hills.

As you click through this informative section, take a moment to read the captions and enjoy learning about Lead and its entire splendor.

Click here to start your tour through the history of Lead.

History of the Homestake Gold Mine

The Homestake Gold Mine was one of the early enterprises associated with the Gold Rush of 1876 in the 新たなレンジの形成へ northern Black Hills of what was then Dakota Territory. The mining community of Deadwood was the center of the gold fever, with tents,

sawmills, log houses and saloons springing up seemingly overnight. But the real action would 新たなレンジの形成へ happen three miles away “over the hill” where brothers Fred and Moses Manuel and their partner Hank Harney located their Homestake claim on April 9, 1876. Moses liked what he saw in an outcropping of a vein of ore, referred to as a lead and pronounced “leed.” Soon more prospectors materialized, and no time was lost in selecting a site for a new town. On July 10th work began on laying out the town 新たなレンジの形成へ lots, and that work was completed the next day. Miners were offered the lots, 50 x 100 feet, but were required to build on the lots in 60 days or forfeit them. That spurred many on to 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ build on the front half and then sell the back half. Progress came quickly. Telegraph service began December 1st and by early 1877 four hotels, a grocery store, saloon, bakery and butcher shop were up and running.新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ

In June 1877 George Hearst, who had earlier sent an agent to offer a bond to owners of the Homestake claim, bought the four and one half acre claim for $70,000. No stranger to mining, Hearst had mining interests in Missouri, California during its gold rush, Nevada, Utah, and Montana. He later represented the State of California in the United States Senate. He and his wife Phoebe had one son, William Randolph Hearst, who, 新たなレンジの形成へ rather than continue in his father’s footsteps in the mining businesses, chose to manage his father’s newspaper, the San Francisco Examiner. William became a publishing magnate and was a pioneer in the radio and television industries.

With a population of 8,392 in 1910, Lead was the second largest community in South Dakota. The employment opportunities for not only miners, but also laborers and mechanics were excellent. After George Hearst’s death in 1891, his widow Phoebe made substantial contributions to the educational and cultural life of Lead.

She was responsible for the establishment of the first kindergarten in the entire West. In addition, she arranged for the Homestake Mining Company Homestake 新たなレンジの形成へ Opera House and Recreation Building to be constructed as gifts to the community from the company. Tickets had to be purchased for events in the Opera House, but use of the swimming pool, bowling alley, meeting rooms and library was free.

Throughout the decades to come the City of Lead and the Homestake Mine were confronted with challenges ranging from an epidemic of Spanish influenza, nearby forest fires and even a fire in the mine, which was extinguished by a deliberate flooding of the mine and subsequent dewatering with no ill effects to the mine or its equipment. But on the whole, the city and its residents prospered as a result of 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ the mine. In the early 1930s, as the rest of the nation suffered economic hardship throughout the Great Depression, the management of Homestake set a shorter work week with an increase in wages, and provided end of 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ year bonuses to workers.

During World War II, gold mining operations were suspended by order of the War Production Board. The young men of the city joined the armed forces, moved to locations where copper mines were operating or worked in airplane factories. The older men who remained in what was by then an almost deserted town worked in the Homestake foundry or machine shop producing goods needed for the war effort, including parts 新たなレンジの形成へ for airplanes, wrenches and hand grenades.

The following decades saw modernization of mining techniques and procedures, including the advent of computerization to the Homestake Mine. The workers voted in 1966 to be represented by the United Steel 新たなレンジの形成へ Workers union.

In September of 2000 a Homestake Mining Company spokesman announced that the mine would close. In January of 2002, the Homestake Gold Mine finally shut down after more than 125 years of continuous operation.

Hoist 新たなレンジの形成へ operator, Laurie Skavang of Lead inscribed this message on an exhaust fan 4,550 feet underground, “Farewell to all! Thanks 4 being my friend. We will all stand tall, and I’ll treasure it ’till the end!”…

Area Attraction

The Homestake Gold Mine Surface Tour & Visitor Center in Lead, SD, is open daily during the summer months of June, July, and August and Monday-Saturday from September to May. The center offers surface tours of the Homestake Gold Mine which run daily. This center also features a short informative film regarding Homestake, historic and educational memorabilia, and a fabulous gift shop. You can also view the Historic Open Cut, the original claim of 新たなレンジの形成へ the Homestake Mining Company back in 1876.

The Black Hills Mining Museum in Lead, is open 9:00am to 5:00pm Tuesday through Saturday. This establishment allows you to take a step back in time and explore the rich and colorful history of Lead and gold mining in the Black Hills. You can view many historical items such as machinery that was used to actually mine the gold in the Homestake Gold Mine and 新たなレンジの形成へ other area mines.

Lead Main Street – You will find many lovely stores that host a variety of items. We have antique stores, & eateries, museums, art galleries, and the Historic Homestake Opera House all on Main 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ Street. Also, take time out to see many of the historic houses or buildings located all around Lead.

Deadwood, SD – A great place to take a step back in time. This town has done a fabulous 新たなレンジの形成へ job on restoring the Historic Main Street. Deadwood is just 3 miles from Lead. While in Deadwood check out the Adams Museum and House, Mt. Moriah where Wild Bill and Calamity Jane are buried.

The Days of 新たなレンジの形成へ ’76 Museum features Old West and Native American artifacts and over 60 historic horse-drawn vehicles, including the original Deadwood Stage.

The Adams Museum and House The Adams House, built in 1892, is an elegant Victorian mansion which became the Adams House Museum following a detailed restoration. The Adam House Museum tells the story of two 19th century families, and reveals a cultured lifestyle not commonly associated with the American West.

The George S. Mickelson Trail is a great place for biking, skiing, horseback riding, or walking. This trail is 114 miles long and takes one through the entire Black Hills from Lead to Edgemont SD.

Spearfish Canyon – Designated a National Scenic 新たなレンジの形成へ Byway. It is located on Highway 14A and twists through the 19 mile gorge. Enjoy the cool freshness of Spearfish Creek, Bridal Veil Falls and Roughlock Falls along the canyon. This is a great place to fish, hike, bike, or picnic.

Crazy Horse Memorial & Mt. Rushmore National Monument are only a little over an hour from Lead on south Hwy 385.

Winter Months:

Lead, South Dakota on the average receives over a hundred 新たなレンジの形成へ 新たなレンジの形成へ inches of snow throughout the winter months. This allows the Black Hills to have a fantastic base for skiers and snowmobilers. There is enough snow for everyone!

Skiing:

Skiing usually opens up the day after Thanksgiving. We 新たなレンジの形成へ have 2 slopes in the area. Either slope is just minutes from Lead.
Deer Mountain Ski Resort – They offer down hill skiing and cross country. Terry Peak Ski Resort –

Snowmobiling: Snowmobiling opens up December 15th. The trails will be groomed by this date. We have over 300 miles of groomed trails and over 2,000 miles of off trail access. Many of the resorts or listings below offer lodging, restaurants and/or sled rentals.…

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